Test 3a

A. Вставьте в предложения: weaved, hive, pursue, hustle, prolong, renovated, quaint, cover, distracted, footsteps.
1) The Costa del Sol is a hive of activity during the summer months.
2) Life is terribly hectic in the city, all hustle and bustle.
3) It started raining so we ran for cover to avoid getting wet.
4) The holiday was so much fun that we decided to prolong our stay.
5) Many students can’t concentrate in a noisy room as they are easily distracted.
6) He followed in his father’s footsteps and became a lawyer too.
7) The couple renovated their old house and put it up for sale.
8) The police car weaved in and out of traffic to get to the scene of the accident.
9) In the future, he hopes to pursue a career in film-making.
10) There are a lot of quaint cottages in this village.

B. Complete the phrases with the following words: special, public, street, wildlife, rocky.
1) public exhibition
2) rocky landscape
3) wildlife habitat
4) special occasion
5) street procession

C. Fill in: of, off, on, in, down.
1) He has always been interested in Greek mythology.
2) Turn the volume down a little bit− it’s too loud.
3) They put off their wedding for another three months.
4) He is going to keep on practising until he learns how to play the guitar.
5) My diet consists of cereal and fruit for breakfast

1) She’s quite a nice person.
2) It’s rather a cold winter.
3) Mary has pretty well finished her essay.
4) Bill is rather more experienced than Andrew.
5) Being a doctor is quite a stressful job.

E. Read the text and complete gaps 1-7 with the correct form and tense of each verb in capitals.
Carling Weekend
The Carling Festival has been part of the British music scene for nearly 50 years. Originally a jazz festival, today its main focus is rock music.
Up until 1999, the festival 1) was held in the town of Reading, a half-hour train journey from London. However, an ever increasing demand for tickets 2) led the organisers to establish a sister festival in the northern city of Leeds. Since then, the Carling Weekend 3) has become a phenomenal success, with a total of over 150,000 tickets sold each year.
Every year, the festival gates open for the August Bank Holiday weekend, 4) giving fans the chance to enjoy an exciting 3-day camping experience. Fortunately, for those who want 5) to avoid a weekend without life’s little luxuries, day tickets are also available.
The event, which 6) focuses exclusively on music, attracts some of the world’s most famous rock bands, from The Who to The Red Hot Chili Peppers. If you love to go mad to the sound of guitars and drums, the Carling Weekend 7) will not be a boring experience for you!

F. Read the text and complete gaps 1-6 with the correct derivative of each word in capitals.
The National Eisteddfod
The National Eisteddfod of Wales, which can trace its history back as far as 1176, is a 1) spectacular festival held annually in early August. Its purpose is to celebrate the traditions and culture of this small principality.
The festivities are conducted in the nation’s mother tongue, Welsh, but people of all nationalities are welcome to experience the country’s rich heritage and the 2) warmth of its people.
The Eisteddfod is located in a different part of Wales each year, making it a 3) memorable occasion. This is the perfect way for regular visitors to explore different parts of the countryside and enjoy the hospitality of the 4) friendly locals.
At the festival, there are hundreds of stalls that sell local arts and crafts, 5) traditional dishes such as lava bread, and picture books that walk you through the principality’s history – from the Celtic tribes to modern rural and urban life. Consequently, the festival offers a wide 6) choice of activities.
The Eisteddfod is one of Europe’s largest traditional folk, poetry and literature festivals. Be sure not to miss the opportunity to see the elaborate ‘crowning of the Bard’ ceremony which honours the work of top Welsh poets and authors.

G. Read the text. For gaps 1-7, choose A, B, C or D to complete each gap correctly. Circle the answer you choose.
Ответы: 1-D; 2-A; 3-D; 4-B; 5-C; 6-B; 7-D
The Edinburgh Festival
The Edinburgh Festival was established in 1947 and has grown to 1) become the largest outdoor international arts and culture event in the world.
Its name is slightly misleading, though. It is used as a collective term for a wide number of events, performances and festivals that last throughout the month of August.
The organisers have ensured that there is something for everyone in Edinburgh. If you are interested 2) in music, film, reading, politics, books, dance, comedy, theatre or more, then there is surely something for you.
Of all the many celebrations, the Edinburgh Fringe is most popular 3) among festival-goers. Every possible aspect of the performing arts is covered. If you like to be around others, you can watch the 4) street performers, jugglers, mime artists as they perform in the city’s crowded streets. If you prefer a slower 5) pace of life, stop by one of the many small cafes or side-street theatres where you can sit and enjoy a play. Whether it is a new independent production or one of the 6) ancient Greek classics, you’ll find something to tickle your fancy!
The good 7) news is that there are no tickets to buy in order to attend the festival. However, you should note that some events might demand a small payment for entry. But don’t worry; it’s worth every penny!

Test 3b

H. Match the headings (A-H) to extracts 1-7. Use each heading only once. There is one extra heading you do not need to use. Write your answers in the table.
Ответы: 1-H; 2-A; 3-G; 4-E; 5-C; 6-D; 7-F
1) For people who hate working in an office, getting paid to travel can sound like a dream come true. Anyone with a sense of adventure and a strong desire to travel should seriously consider a job in the travel industry. One of the most worthwhile jobs is a group travel organiser. People get paid to go on trips, visit amazing places and have fun.
2) The event is mostly run by volunteers and nearly all takings from the weekend are donated to good causes. So just by attending the festival you’re doing something good. However, beware of the ‘Glastonbury Curse’! Despite the seasonal good weather, it nearly always changes just in time for the festival. If you plan on going, it would be wise to take a raincoat!
3) From its rich history to secluded beaches, Vancouver Island is an adventurer’s holiday paradise. The 7-day sea kayaking expedition is open to a maximum of 10 participants aged 14-16. This expedition will give teenagers the opportunity to see and do a wide variety of exciting activities, such as paddling along the coastlines of the island.
4) Many people often dream of travelling, especially to interesting or faraway locations which seem mysterious and exciting. Some believe that visiting these places would be impossible or something to only read about in books. Fortunately, many countries offer programmes where students can get away for the summer, experience life in another country and earn some money.
5) Combine sailing on the river Thames with outdoor jazz music. A full itinerary for the weekend and a complete list of what to bring will be sent upon booking and waterproofs will be provided free of charge. The total cost includes accommodation and meals. This promises to be an exciting experience and a rewarding opportunity of a lifetime.
6) Nowadays, it is very important to pack as few things as possible when travelling abroad. People don’t realise that there are fundamental rules and regulations about what you can and cannot take on board your flight. Many airlines have additional restrictions on the size, number and weight of suitcases. Travellers should check their airline’s website for further information.
7) On the last weekend of June, free spirits everywhere descend upon the normally sleepy town to see a line-up of the biggest names in contemporary music, theatre performances, stand-up comedy, world dance, cabaret, circuses and much more. Held on a huge farm in the picturesque rural village of Pilton, over 700 acts are scheduled to appear.

Writing - Part 2
Comment on the following statement.

Many people believe that cycle lanes provide safety for cyclists in the city. Others argue that they cause traffic problems because they reduce the width of the road available to other users.

Although cycle lanes are very common in countries such as The Netherlands, where they are very popular with people who use bicycles as their main means of transport, I am not convinced that they are a benefit in all circumstances.
To start with, Holland is a very flat country and this makes the bicycle an attractive form of cheap transport. Furthermore, suburbs that have been built over the last fifty years were designed with the needs of cyclists in mind. This means that the needs of all road users have been met; the streets are wide enough for pedestrians, cyclists and drivers alike. It is only fair to point out that, because cycling in The Netherlands puts so little strain on the body, people are less likely to use expensive cars to get to work and so there are probably fewer cars on the roads as compared to other more mountainous countries.
I think that it is true to say that in certain countries cycle lanes are not practical. In towns and cities where there are steep hills or the streets are not very wide, for example, it may not be possible to provide cycle lanes that people can use safely. There are many examples of badly designed cycle lanes, some of them are so narrow that they are dangerous for even one cyclist to use.
To sum up, cycle lanes are certainly a good idea and can save cyclists from serious injury provided that they are well-designed. In places where it is not possible to design safe cycle lanes which will not interfere with other road users, then they should not be considered.